Louis XIII of France


Louis XIII of France
(1601-1643)
   The eldest son of King Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici, who acted as his regent after Henry's assassination in 1610. In 1615, Marie arranged for Louis' marriage to Anne of Austria and, in 1617, Louis exiled his mother to Blois for having prompted the rebellion of the nobility against the regency. Two years later, Marie escaped and allied herself with her younger son, Gaston d'Orleans, against Louis, only to be defeated. In 1622, Cardinal Armand Richelieu, then Louis' secretary of state and later first minister, reconciled the king with his mother, but this was not to last. A conspiracy to overthrow Richelieu resulted in Marie's permanent banishment from the French court. With the help of Richelieu, Louis was able to achieve religious unity in France and to move closer to absolutist power by diminishing the power of the nobility.
   Louis was a notable patron of the arts. He is known to have owned a St. Sebastian by George de la Tour and to have commissioned Simon Vouet's Allegory of Wealth (c. 1630-1635; both Paris, Louvre). Vouet's studio, in fact, became the place of dissemination of the king's artistic ideology. In c. 1639 Jacques Lemercier extended for him the west wing of the Louvre Palace. Peter Paul Rubens, who worked primarily for Marie, painted the portrait Anne of Austria (1621-1625; Paris, Louvre) under Louis' patronage, as well as 12 cartoons for tapestries recounting the main episodes of Constantine the Great's life (1620-1621). Louis is also the one to have called Nicolas Poussin to France to work on the decorations of the Louvre Palace, a commission that proved to be disastrous as Poussin lacked the expertise to work in the large scale the king demanded.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louis XIII de France — Louis XIII Portrait de Louis XIII par Rubens Titre Roi de France et de Navarre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis XIII De France — Louis XIII Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis xiii de france — Louis XIII Roi de France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis XIII of France — For the cognac, see Louis XIII de Rémy Martin. Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Louis XIII title=King of France and Navarre caption=Louis XIII, by Philippe de Champaigne reign=14 May 1610 ndash; 14 May 1643 coronation=17 October 1610… …   Wikipedia

  • Descendants of Louis XIII of France (disambiguation) — Descendants of Louis XIII of France may refer to: Descendants of Louis XIV of France Descendants of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Louis XIV of France — Louis XIV and Louis Quatorze redirect here. For other uses, see Louis XIV (disambiguation) and Louis Quatorze (disambiguation). Sun King and Le Roi Soleil redirect here. For the Beatles song, see Sun King (song). For the French musical, see Le… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis XVI of France — Louis XVI Louis XVI by Antoine François Callet King of France and Navarre Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Louis, Dauphin of France — (or of Viennois), or variations on this name, may refer to the following Dauphins of France:*Louis, Dauphin of France (1397 1415), third son of Charles VI of France, was Dauphin 1401 1415 *Louis, Dauphin of France (1661 1711), son of Louis XIV of …   Wikipedia

  • Louis XIV de France — « Louis XIV » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Louis XIV (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis XV of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Louis XV title=King of France and Navarre caption=Louis XV by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1730) reign=1 September 1715 ndash; 10 May 1774 coronation=25 October 1722, Reims titles= HM The King HRH The Dauphin of Viennois… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.